Dec 9, 2016

Measures To Prevent Railway Accidents

The measures announced to prevent accidents and ensure safety in the  last two Railway Budgets were, Train Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) on High Density Network, elimination of unmanned level crossings in a phased manner and review the recommendations of High-Level Safety Review Committee headed by Dr. Kakodkar.

            Following steps have been taken to avoid collisions due to Signal Passing at Danger (SPAD) or over speeding and ensure safety:
            Train Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) is a radio communication based system with continuous update of movement authority. This system is aimed at providing capability of preventing train accidents caused due to Signal Passing at Danger (SPAD) or non observance of speed restrictions by train drivers.  Signal aspect is also displayed on DMI (Driver Machine Interface) screen inside the Locomotive in train system.   After successful Proof of Concept trials of TCAS, RDSO has taken up extended field trials of TCAS on a pilot section Lingamapalli-Vikarabad-Wadi-Bidar section of South Central Railway.
            Train Protection and Warning System (TPWS) is a proven Automatic Train Protection System to avoid train accidents on account of human error of Signal Passing at Danger (SPAD) or over-speeding. As a pilot project, TPWS has been provided on Chennai-Gummidipundi Suburban Section of Southern Railway, Hazrat Nizamuddin – Agra Section of Northern/North Central Railway and Dum Dum-Kavi Subhash section of Kolkata Metro.
            Elimination of Unmanned Level Crossings through various means – It has been decided to progressively eliminate all unmanned level crossings by (i) closing unmanned crossings having NIL/negligible Train Vehicle Units (TVUs), (ii) merger of unmanned level crossing with nearby unmanned/manned gates or Road Under Bridge or Road Over Bridge or Subway by construction of diversion road, (iii) provision of Subways/Road Under Bridges. The Unmanned Level Crossings which cannot be eliminated by the above means will be progressively manned based on the volume of rail road traffic (TVU) and visibility conditions.
            A High Level Safety Review Committee (HLSRC) under the Chairmanship of Dr. Anil Kakodkar, former Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission, was constituted on 16.09.2011 to look into all technical and technology related aspects in connection with safe running of train services in the country. The Committee submitted its report on 17.02.2012. The Committee (HLSRC) has made 106 recommendations covering the various aspects of Indian Railways. Out of the 106 recommendations, 68 have been fully accepted, of which 27 have been fully implemented. 19 recommendations have been partially accepted for implementation and 19 were found not suitable for acceptance.
(b):  Expenditure on Safety related activities during the last five years is given below:-
(` in crores)

Actual 2011-12
Actual 2012-13
Actual 2013-14
Actual 2014-15
Actual
2015-16
Revenue Expenditure (Gross) on Safety:





Demand No.4-Repairs & Maintenance of Permanent Ways & Works
7795
8234
9172
10282
10888
Demand No.5-Repairs & Maintenance of Motive Powers
3600
3924
4465
4783
5273
Demand No.6-Repairs & Maintenance of Carriages & Wagons
8385
9213
10331
11276
11952
Demand No.7-Repairs & Maintenance of Plant & Equipment
4421
4805
5406
6027
6254
Demand No.9-Operating Expenses-Traffic-600-Safety
7
11
8
11
16
Total Revenue (Safety) :
24208
26187
29382
32379
34383
Capital Expenditure (Gross) on Safety:





Demand No.16-Assets – Acquisition, Construction & Replacement :





Road Safety Works-Level Crossings
519
528
504
442
470
Road Safety Works-Road Over/Under Bridges
810
1057
1482
1792
2133
Track Renewals
5286
5426
4985
5372
5586
Bridge Works
319
322
390
441
520
Signalling and Telecom Works
845
939
905
1006
894
Workshops (POH/IOH of Rolling Stock)
1120
1324
1552
872
1530
Total Capital (Safety):
8899
9595
9818
9925
11133
Total (Revnue+Capital) on Safety
33107
35782
39200
42304
45516

   This Press Release is based on the information given by the Minister of State for Railways Shri Rajen Gohain in a written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha